Doc é Religion Explained ✓ The Evolutionary Origins of Religious Thought ´ Pascal boyer

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Doc é Religion Explained ✓ The Evolutionary Origins of Religious Thought ´ Pascal boyer ´ [Read] ➺ Religion Explained: The Evolutionary Origins of Religious Thought ➶ Pascal Boyer – Goproled.co.uk Many of our uestions about religion says the internaMany of our uestions about religion says the internationally renowned anthropologist Pascal Boyer were once mysteries but they no longer are we are beginning to know how to answer uestions such as Why do people have religion? and Why is religion the way it is? Using findings from anthropology cognitive science linguistics and evolutionary biology Boyer shows how one of the most fascinating aspects of human consciousness is increasingly admissible to coherent naturalistic explanation And Man Creates God tells readers for the first time what religious feeling is really about what it consists of and how it originates It is a beautifully written very accessible book by an anthropologist who is highly respected on both sides of the Atlantic As a scientific explanation for religious feeling it is sure to arouse controversy Pascal Boyer is an anthropologist doing a courageous thing that the anthropologist community usually frowns upon which is to generalise in order to extract larger truths about how societies work specifically about how religions emerge and evolve and why He is exceptionally balanced and doesn't make outlandish conjectures as many would be prone to entertain in this highly abstract domain His painstaking effort to avoid concise and soecific terminology like group selection theory which to be fair is slightly ill understood by Boyer unlike all the other tools and concepts he borrows in masterly fashion from other sciences reproductive fitness of memes and game theory is a sad reflection of the anthropologist community and their allergic reaction to such foreign language rather than a reflection of Boyer's lack of awareness of them Seen in that light his book can be seen as addressing the lay person in that it generalises anthropological experience in ways that they experts would usually frown upon but which allows the rest of us to extract what anthropology teaches us generally and addressing the anthropologist community's allergic reactions to concepts which are extremely soundly based in other social and exact sciences and yet still rejected as methodological tools in anthropology Hats off A very very balanced and nuanced book

Reader ñ The Evolutionary Origins of Religious Thought ☆ Pascal Boyer

Many of our uestions about religion says the internationally renowned anthropologist Pascal Boyer were once mysteries but they no longer are we are beginning to know how to answer uestions such as Why do people have religion? and Why is religion the way it is? Using findings from anthropology cognitive science linguistics and evolutionary biology Boyer shows how one of the most fascinating aspects of human consciousness is increasingly admissible to coherent naturalistic explanation And Man Creates God tells readers for the first time what religious feeling is really about what it consists of and how it originates It is a beautifully written very accessible book by an anthropologist who is highly respected on both sides of the Atlantic As a scientific explanation for religious feeling it is sure to arouse controversy Religion Explained The human instincts that fashion gods spirits and ancestors by Pascal Boyer Heinemann 2001; Vintage Random House 2002 448 ffThe psychological origins of religion exploredBy Howard A JonesThis is a book for the serious student of the psychology of religion that could be read as a companion to say William James' The Varieties of Religious Experience though Boyer's book is not as readable for the layman The author is an anthropologist Professor of Individual and Collective Memory at the Washington University in St Louis MissouriI think the author hits the nail on the head in Chapter 1 when he describes religions as memes using the description coined by Richard Dawkins to explain precisely this phenomenon `natural selection gave us a very special kind of mind with particular predispositions' and one of these predispositions is the instinctive need to create gods Religion therefore is a man made social construct that we have created to fulfil certain psychological needs to provide explanations for comfort to support morality as a basis for social order and so on However as Boyer says anthropologists have shown that various societies have created very different ideas of supernatural agents with different ualities and powers and for different purposes and the desire to satisfy these human needs does not explain this fact There is an excellent discussion of these psychological factors in the first chapterChapter 2 is philosophical discussing the nature of our supernatural concepts with some interesting anthropological information on various tribal beliefs while Chapter 3 discusses the psychological factors In Chapter 4 we return to religion specifically with a discussion of the practical ualities of a religion the anthropomorphic nature of the Gods we create and their role as `imaginary companions and invisible friends' The one consistent human characteristic of the gods is their possession of minds capable of communication with the human world `all gods and ancestors and spirits are construed as beings with which we can interact by using our social inference systems' They are omniscient `Nothing that happens can be hidden from them This is the way people represent ancestors and gods the world over' However Boyer makes the important point that `People do not invent gods and spirits; they receive information that leads them to build such concepts'Chapters 5 and 6 deal with why gods and spirits matter and in particular why the religions based on them always have something to say about death and the afterlife; and in the next chapters how we come to create rituals and dogma within religionsIn the final chapter on belief Boyer discounts Robert Nozick's widely held explanation of religion as `a particular feature of the human mind that creates the whole of religion a central metaphysical urge that is the origin of all religion an irredeemable human propensity to superstition myth and faith' Yet rather frustratingly Boyer admits that the `central uestion Why do some people believe and not others? is very likely to remain unsolved' Overall it seems that the varieties of religious experience rest on the varieties of mental experience and the social utility of following such beliefs within a religionThere is much interesting introspective debate here with the pros and cons of various explanations considered but this philosophical approach makes the book interesting for academic study but less accessible for the general readerDr Howard A Jones is the author of The Thoughtful Guide to God 2006 and The Tao of Holism 2008 both published by O Books of Winchester UK The Varieties of Religious Experience Penguin Classics

Pascal Boyer ☆ The Evolutionary Origins of Religious Thought Pdf

Religion Explained The Evolutionary Origins of Religious ThoughtMany of our uestions about religion says the internationally renowned anthropologist Pascal Boyer were once mysteries but they no longer are we are beginning to know how to answer uestions such as Why do people have religion? and Why is religion the way it is? Using findings from anthropology cognitive science linguistics and evolutionary biology Boyer shows how one of the most fascinating aspects of human consciousness is increasingly admissible to coherent naturalistic explanation And Man Creates God tells readers for the first time what religious feeling is really about what it consists of and how it originates It is a beautifully written very accessible book by an anthropologist who is highly respected on both sides of the Atlantic As a scientific explanation for religious feeling it is sure to arouse controversy This is a truly excellent book written by a professor of anthropology who also has a background in evolutionary psychology He has worked in many countries studying the religious beliefs and practices of primitive and not so primitive peoples The proposition that I find most interesting is that religion is a 'bottom up' phenomenom based on mankinds inate obsession with the counter intuitive which has been highjacked by the professional religion providers ie priests The greatest change occurred with the invention of writing which allowed the crystallisation of dogma and converted religion into a 'top down' phenomenon religion revealed from'above' Priests being generally the only ones who could read and write were able to take control of the sources of revelation and of what were correct and incorrect beliefs practices and rituals That gave them great power which they have not only been reluctant to relinuish but have freuently provoked their follower into bloody warfare and mayhem to prevent encroachment from heretics and non believersThe only criticism I would have is on the lack of a glossary The text contains many technical terms jargon and although they are usually explained the first time they appear it is difficult having to refer back to that description every time they appear I ended up making my own glossary