William James doc Û The Varieties of Religious Experience ¼ goproled

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William James doc Û The Varieties of Religious Experience ¼ goproled ¾ ☉ [PDF / Epub] ☆ William James : Writings 1902-1910 : The Varieties of Religious Experience / Pragmatism / A Pluralistic Universe / The Meaning of Truth / Some Problems of Philosophy / Essays (Library of America) ByPhilosopher and psychologist William James was the best known and most influential American thinker of his time The five books and nineteen essays collected in this Library of America volume represent all his major work from 1902 until his death in 1910 Most were originally written as lectures addressed to general audiences as well as philosophers and were received with great enthusiasm His writing is clear energetic and unpretentious and is marked by the devotion to literary excellence he shared with his brother Henry James In these works William James champions the value of individual experience with an elouence and enthusiasm that has placed him alongside Emerson and Whitman as a classic exponent of American democratic cultureIn The Varieties of Religious Experience1902 James explores the very inner citadel of human life by focusing on intensely religious individuals of different cultures and eras With insight compassion and open mindedness he examines and assesses their beliefs seeking to measure religions value by its The great philosopher and psychologist William James 1842 1910 is best known as the founder with CS Peirce and John Dewey of the distinctively American philosophy of pragmatism James is that indeed but he is much as well This volume of the Library of America series consists of five books and nineteen essays by James written between 1902 and 1910 A separate Library of America volume includes James's earlier writing including Psychology A Briefer Course and the essay The Will to Believe The volume will give the reader a feeling for the breadth of James's philosophical scientific and religious concerns The volume is edited by Professor Bruce Kuklick of the University of Pennsylvania who has written extensively about James and about the history of American philosophy In this volume Kuklick provides an unusually thorough chronology of James's life to accompany James's textsFor those readers with no prior familiarity with James I suggest beginning with a brief essay Answers to a uestionniare p 1183 that James wrote in response to uestions from a colleague at Harvard about the role of religion in life In his answers James briefly summarizes his theism and his conviction of the value of religious experience He writes that Religion means primarily a universe of spiritual relations surrounding the earthly practical ones not merely relations of 'value' but agencies and their activities James says that his belief in immortality had increased over the years as he is just getting fit to live As to the authority of the Bible James states that it is not his authority in religious matters Rather he describes it is so human a book that I don't see how belief in its divine authorship can survive the reading of itThis short uestionnaire response provides a wedge into the over 1300 pages of text in this volume James was trained as a physician and a scientist and was greatly impatient with what he viewed as philosophical abstractions Yet religious concerns were at the heart of his thinking James undertook the traditional philosophic attempt to reconcile the teachings of science with those of religion His famous teaching of pragmatism was as he stated in the first chapter of his book Pragmatism designed to do so Other philosophical positions that James developed including radical empiricism pluralism and meliorism were designed to honor the importance of human feeling and effort and to emphasize the large role of the spiritual in human lifeJames long had the ambition of writing a systematic exposition of his philosophy in a book but he never did so His final book Some Problems of Philosophy published after his death was an attempt to do so but it was left incomplete and sketchy It is included in this volume Thus with the exception of Some Problems the books included in this collection are series of lectures that James delivered over the course of the years They are beautifully written and aimed for the most part at an audience of non specialists But on the whole the books consist of suggestions and of paths for exploration than of detailed philosophical argumentation Reading the books in this volume will show the reader how James's thought changed and developed over the yearsThe first book in the volume The Varieties of Religious Experience consists of the Gifford Lectures James delivered in Scotland at the turn of the Twentieth Century The Varieties is still my favorite James book with its uniue combination of psychology and philosophy as James attempt to explain the value of the religious life by describing the forms it takes in the lives of individuals from many times and placesProbably the most famous single work of American philosophy was James's Pragmatism which again consists of a series of lectures delivered in New York City and Boston In this book James made high claims for the importance of philosophy and developed pragmatism as a method and as a philosophical theory of truth In a subseuent book called The Meaning of Truth James gathered together thirteen of his essays in addition to a Preface and two new essays to try to explain in greater detail his theory of pragmatism and to answer objections to it The Meaning of Truth is James's most difficult and technically dense bookIn his final book of lectures A Pluralistic Universe James's thought turned in new and speculative directions The book continues James's longstanding attack on the absolute idealism derived from Hegel which was still preeminent in his day James develops a philosophy he calls radical empiricism derived in part from the French philosopher Henri Bergson and in part from the German thinker Gustav Fechner The book places limitations of the value of conceptual scientific thinking looking instead to the stream of experience and the flow of human consciousness In this book James engages in speculative philosophy adopts a form of idealism almost in spite of himself and goes far beyond the pragmatism of Pragmatism and A Theory of Truth This book is James's fullest statement of his thought and it does not always get the study it deservesAs I mentioned James left his final book Some Problems of Philosophy incomplete but what we have of it is a valuable complement to A Pluralistic Universe The essays in this volume cover a variety of topics philosophical psychological and otherwise and with the brief response to a uestionnaire I mentioned at the outset of this review provide a good approach to the longer works I tend to like the popularly oriented of the essays especially the great essay James wrote on The Moral Euivalent of War Again this is an essay that newcomers to James need to read The essay on The True Harvard has moving things to say about the intellectual life and the Address at the Centenary of Ralph Waldo Emerson is a fitting tribute to its subjectThere is much to think and reflect about in this compilation of William James's later writings His philosophy still has much to teachRobin Friedman

William James É 1910 The Varieties of Religious Experience mobi

Contributions to individual human livesIn Pragmatism1907 James suggests that the conflicting metaphysical positions of tender minded rationalism and tough minded empiricism be judged by examining their actual conseuences Philosophy James argues should free itself from unexamined principles and closed systems and confront reality with complete opennessIn A Pluralistic Universe1909 James rejects the concept of the absolute and calls on philosophers to respond to the real concrete sensible flux of life Through his discussion of Kant Hegel Henri Bergson and religion James explores a universe viewed not as an abstract block but as a rich manyness in oneness full of independent yet connected events The Meaning of Truth1909 is a polemical collection of essays asserting that ideas are made true not by inherent ualities but by events James delights in intellectual combat stating his positions with vigor while remaining open to opposing ideas Some Problems of Philosophy1910 was intended by James to serve both as a historical overvi James is not the kind of writer you will want to put down For that reason it is good to have his writings in bulk This collection is a varitable cornicopia of sweet Jamesian goodness books essays letters and miscellany Further it give is us the mature James of his later years when he produced his best works The Varieties of Religious Experience Pragmatism A Pluralistic Universe The Meaning of Truth Some Problems of Philosophy it's all in there Now all you have to do is get your hands on volume I which covers the early years and your set

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William James Writings 1902 1910 The Varieties of Religious Experience Pragmatism A Pluralistic Universe The Meaning of Truth Some Problems of Philosophy Essays Library of AmericaEw of metaphysics and as a systematic statement of his philosophical beliefs Though unfinished at his death it fully demonstrates the psychological insight and literary vividness James brought to philosophyAmong the essays included are the anti imperialist Address on the Philippine uestion On Some Mental Effects of the Earthuake a candid personal account of the 1906 California disaster and The Moral Euivalent of War a call for the redirection of martial energies to peaceful ends as well as essays on Emerson the role of university in intellectual life and psychic researchLIBRARY OF AMERICAis an independent nonprofit cultural organization founded in 1979 to preserve our nations literary heritage by publishing and keeping permanently in print Americas best and most significant writing The Library of America series includesthan 300 volumes to date authoritative editions that average 1000 pages in length feature cloth covers sewn bindings and ribbon markers and are printed on premium acid free paper that will last for centuries I bought this book with the idea of directly reading some of William James published works The font choice and size make the book difficult to read This volume is clearly meant to sit on someone's bookshelf not to be actually readI was also disappointed that despite the fame of the author and the supposedly pivotal role he plays in the Western tradition that his writing is meandering and often not very clear His work on pragmatism was apparently verbatim from a series of lectures he gave including asides and inconseuential material